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In chemistry, TNT is used to generate charge transfer salts.
The rinse water from sulfitation is known as red water and is a significant pollutant and waste product of TNT manufacture.Control of nitrogen oxides in feed nitric acid is very important because free nitrogen dioxide can result in oxidation of the methyl group of toluene.This reaction is highly exothermic and carries with it the risk of a runaway reaction leading to an explosion. This yellow solid is sometimes used as a reagent in chemical synthesis, but it is best known as an explosive material with convenient handling properties.The explosive yield of TNT is considered to be the standard measure of bombs and other explosives.TNT has been used in conjunction with hydraulic fracturing, a process used to recover oil and gas from shale formations.
The technique involves displacing and detonating nitroglycerin in hydraulically induced fractures followed by wellbore shots using pelletized TNT.
Its explosive properties were first discovered by another German chemist, Carl Häussermann, in 1891.
TNT can be safely poured when liquid into shell cases, and is so insensitive that it was exempted from the UK's Explosives Act 1875 and was not considered an explosive for the purposes of manufacture and storage.
Blue = Exercise, White = Phosphorus, Gray = Smoke and originally used as a yellow dye.
Its potential as an explosive was not appreciated for several years, mainly because it was so difficult to detonate and because it was less powerful than alternatives.
TNT neither absorbs nor dissolves in water, which allows it to be used effectively in wet environments.